The relationship between schema and locus of control with obsessive compulsive symptoms

Background: To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate obsessive–compulsive symptom structure in patients with schema and locus of control. Present study demonstrates significantly association between schema and obsessive compulsive disorder with locus of control approach in patients and other participants.

Aim: The study aimed to evaluate correlation of schema and locus of control with OCD. This research emphasized on cognitive approach (schema) on obsessive compulsive symptom.

Method: For the current study273 Iranian participants were male30% and 70% were female. Participant'age ranged from 19 to 34 and the mean age for the sample was 23.42(SD=2.46).Participants completed questionnaire batteries including measure of Levenson locus of control. Young schema scale and Y -bocs OCD scale. In patient with a primary OCD without comorbid as a pure OCD according to DSM-IV criteria were recruited in counseling center. The other samples are students recruited at the university were selected for this crosssectional study.

Result: Regression demonstrated significant associations between some of the major Y–BOCS symptom categories. The most significant correlations (p<.0 1β=43)) among patients were between schema obsession and powerful others, OCD severity. In addition, significant but less robust correlations (β=32 p<0.01) were found between repeating and powerful others locus of control.

Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that schema and powerful others related significantly to both total OCD symptom severity and also other sub scale OCD. It is important as schema significantly predicted all symptoms dimension of OCD also the analyses showed that schema was strong predictor for obsessive.

Author(s): Hamid Reza Akbarikia, Khachatur Gasparyan

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