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The Antisocial Personality Disorder and its characteristics, changes and advances: a challenge

Background: People with personality disorder are characterized by set of traits that make them more susceptible to a social, family and laboral breakdown. Individuals with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) tend to have low scores of socialization. This disorder calls attention to the great disparity between the individual behavior - characterized by egocentricity and incapacity to love - and social norms.

Aim and Objectives: This work guides the path of thought and practice exercised in approaching the reality of antisocial personality disorder holder, as it brings to light information, focuses on changes and proposes new studies based on the already made. This paper aims to search in literature the evolution of antisocial personality disorder, and conceptualize it, characterize it and verify the changes in the period.

Method: Article with descriptive approach, produced through systematic review of literature for articles published since 1985 in English, Spanish or Portuguese through databases Scielo, BVS, BiblioPsiquis, LILACS. Were found 47 articles in the first search, and of these, 16 were evaluated in full. A second search in the selected references provided over 08 articles for detailed analysis. A textbook was consulted.

Result: In the articles examined, a number of changes have been found in studies over time. The etiology of the disorder tends to study the genetic basis allied to psychosocial factors. The disorder is found more in men than women. Diagnostic and treatment are still difficult, and responses to treatment are still unsatisfactory.

Conclusion: The antisocial personality disorder involve the consideration of biological and psychosocial factors. Thus, the full knowledge of the mechanisms of the genesis of the disorder increases dramatically the possibilities of developing more accurate diagnostic techniques and standardized, and also treatments with maximum efficiency, lower cost and greater applicability

Author(s): Maria Stella Jakeline Alves de Farias , Adolfo Régis Feitosa Gomes , Marília Bulhões Calheiros , Henrique Pinheiro Afonso Cavalcante , Mariana de Medeiros Lessa , Valfrido Leão de Melo Neto

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