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Ocular and other comorbidities in HIV positive orphans in Myanmar

Objectives: This study is to explore the ocular manifestations, nutritional status and other concurrent comorbidities of the HIV positive orphan in relation to gender.

Method: It is a cross sectional study done in one orphanage home in Yangon, Myanamr. 60 children included in the study. Data collection methods are record review, interview and physical, anthropometric and ophthalmic examination. Pretested precoded profoma is used for record review and record of examination findings. WHO BMI and MAC standard are used for assessment of Nutritional status.

Results: 28 boys and 32 girls included in this study. Age ranged from 2 years to 15 years. 36 children are HIV stage 1, 16 in stage 2 and 7 in stage 3 and only one in stage 4. Nutritional problem is seen in 60% of the children. Ocular morbidity is seen in only 3children (5.1%). Other systemic comorbidities were seen in 23 children (37.7%). There are no significant differences in CD4 count, HIV status and provision of ART among male and female children.

Conclusions: This study showed ocular manifestations in paediatric HIV population is low. Majority of children had nutritional problems. Tuberculosis and otitis media were seen in small proportion.

Author(s): KayThi Myint, May Thet Hnin Aye, Soe Moe, Soe Kyaw

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