Introduction and the goal: In time when healthcare budgets are reduced because of the rise of medical technology prices, demographic trends, and dominance of chronic diseases in morbidity and mortality of the population, prevention of diseases and promotion of health have become vital interests of the reform commitments and the imperative of the intersectoral development policy in the community. The goal of this work is the assessment of participation and the definition of the role of prevention and promotion of health in important strategic and legal documents in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Methods: In this research we used descriptive method, in which secondary source of data is used. Documents listed in the references are used as a base.
Results: In the last decade many relevant documents have been written, which affirm the importance of preventive interventions in relation to population groups and priority public healthcare challenges such as: Federal programme for prevention of alcoholism and drug addiction, Strategy for control of tobacco, Policy for food and diet, Strategy for improving sexual and reproductive health and rights, Policy of healthcare of youth, and Strategy for prevention of malignant neoplasm.
Conclusions: Analysis of the available documents indicates respectable systematic positioning of prevention and promotion of health in reform of healthcare services, education of healthcare workers, achieving quality and accreditation standards of good practice, together with the need for improving the education of public and patients about importance of partnership and active participation in improving health, and strengthening the concept of personal and social responsibility for health.